Participation modes and diplomacy of Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries towards the global sustainability agenda

After decades of reluctance, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are now more engaged within the global sustainability agenda. Though they historically sought to coordinate strategies, differences in environmental diplomacy and participation modes currently exist. This article examines these differences and links diplomacy to political and economic considerations during different eras. It maps positions, activism in multilateral agreements, and investigates recent changes in light of increased domestic pressures and the rise of formalised national visions. The increased global environmental engagement of GCC countries can yield better outcomes, but environmental pillars do not feature highly in their current visions.

Mohammad Al-Saidi , Esmat Zaidan and Suzanne Hammad

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Cultural-based challenges of the westernised approach to development in newly developed societies

Urban theorists and policymakers are increasingly recognising the importance of integrating culture into urban development models. This article provides a critical assessment of Dubai’s integration of cultural planning in its approach to tourism development. It argues that western-influenced modernisation has side-lined indigenous creative resources in the pursuit of a cosmopolitan urban vision. Rapid urbanisation and westernisation of Dubai define and redefine the approaches for tourism development. The article suggests that embracing more culturally focused tourism plans may socially sustain local community and identity affected by rapid modernisation and westernisation in newly developed modern societies such as Dubai.

Esmat Zaidan (2019) Cultural-based challenges of the westernised approach
to development in newly developed societies, Development in Practice, 29:5, 570-581, DOI:

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